Administrative Theory-1

We are talking administrative theory here. Today we talk The 14 principles that capture the essence of the administrative theory.

 

Division of work.

Divisions of work or specialization give higher productivity because one can work at activities in which one is comparatively highly skilled. 

 

Authority and responsibility.

Authority is the right to give orders. An organizational member has responsibility to accomplish the organizational objectives of his position. Appropriate sanction is required to encourage good and to discourage poor performance. 

 

Discipline.

There must be respect for and obedience to the rules and objectives of the organization. Uniforms help to maintain discipline

 

Unity of command.

The reduce confusion and conflicts each member should receive orders from and be responsible to only one superior. 

 

Unity of direction.

An organization is effective when members work together toward the same objectives. Uniform objectives work with unity of direction.

 

Subordination of individual interest to general interest.

The interests of one employee or group of employees should not prevail over that of the organization. 

 

Remuneration of personnel.

Pay should be fair and should reward good performance. 

 

Centralization.

A good balance should be found between centralization and decentralization. 

 

Scalar chain.

There is scalar chain or hierarchy dictated by the principles of unity of command linking all members of the organization from the top to the bottom. 

  

Order.

There is a place for everything and everyone which ought to be so occupied. 

 

Equity.

Justice, largely based on predetermined conventions, should prevail in the organization. 

 

Stability of tenure of personnel.

Time is required for an employee to get used to new work and succeed in doing it well. 

 

Initiative.

The freedom to think out and execute plans at all levels. 

 

Espirit de corps.

 Union is strength   

 

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