Scientific Management – 2

We continue our discussion on Scientific Management today. For Taylor, scientific management fundamentally consists of certain broad principles, a certain philosophy, which can be applied in many ways, and a description of what any one man or men may believe to be the best mechanism for applying these general principles should in no way be confused with the principles themselves.

 

Taylor described the following four principles of scientific management:

1. Develop a science for each element of a man’s work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method.

 

2. Scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman, whereas in the past he chose his own work and trained himself as best he could.

 

3. Management should heartily cooperate with the workers so as to ensure all the work being done in accordance with the principles of the science which has been developed. 

4. There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management should take over all work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while on the past all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility were thrown on the workers.

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