Still today we have already discussed the different types of Organization. Today we are going to talk on Formal – Information Organization. All organizations usually develop at least some formal procedures for regulating relations between members, among members and their organization. Status is bestowed on persons. Norms are laid down; usually they are imposed form above. Relationships are prescribed and communications flow horizontally or vertically among members.


In contrast, informal organization describes social relationships and actions that do not coincide with formal structure, roles, procedures and norms. Informal relations, to begin with, are unstructured and not given. Relationships are not prescribed, but sought by members in a group. Unofficial norms evolve in informal organization out of consensus in a group. Interaction between or among members in an informal organization is voluntary. Communications may flow in any direction. In any organization, informal organization coexists with the formal organization. Informal organization has both functional and dysfunctional aspects while in formal organization the functional aspects such as conflicting objectives, restriction of output, inertia and resistance to change have received wide attention. With the result, there is often a misconception about the counter-productive role of informal organization.


We will discuss on more in our next post.


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